How to Prevent Tuberculosis Disease | Preventing TB Infection

Tuberculosis Prevention Measures:

Trying to avoid getting infected with TB or tuberculosis is achievable if you take precautions as well as watch your health. Having a high immune system may help keep you from getting infected by this ailment should you be exposed to the bacteria that causes it. A high immune system is often brought about by a proper diet, exercise, enough rest, and the intake of resistance-building vitamins and minerals like vitamin C and beta-carotene.

  • One of the ways you can try to avoid certain types of TB is to have yourself vaccinated with a TB vaccine. This vaccine can also help prevent the spread of the disease in areas where the ailment is known to be prevalent or where it is likely to easily spread. This vaccine is called BCG and is ideal for use by people who are constantly exposed to others who may be sick with this ailment like health workers and those who frequent congested areas where people do not have proper living conditions.
  • The most obvious preventive measure that you can make when trying to avoid tuberculosis is to avoid being around people who have this disease. You can also prevent yourself from getting TB if you avoid going to places that are congested and do not have good living standards.

2 thoughts on “How to Prevent Tuberculosis Disease | Preventing TB Infection

  • March 21, 2012 at 10:18 am

    What is the health profile for Tuberculosis (TB)?

    • April 25, 2012 at 3:31 pm

      Koch’s was the first person to find specific ‘tubercle bacteria’ that causes tuberculosis. Hence the disease is also called Koch’s disease. The bacterium is called mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an airborne disease which is spread when patient suffering from tuberculosis coughs or spits. It is not spread by touch or eating food. But consuming unpasteurized milk or dairy products produced from an infected cow can transmit specific bacteria called bovine tubercle bacteria. Patient living in a low socio-economic strata, malnourished individual or person who has low immune level may be at a risk for suffering from tuberculosis.
      The symptoms of tuberculosis include: loss of weight, constant and chronic cough of long duration, blood in sputum, mild fever, weakness, loss of appetite, night sweating.
      Diagnosis: careful medical history, proper clinical examination and several blood tests with imaging techniques help in diagnosing tuberculosis. Blood tests include: Mantoux test, ESR, Microscopic examination of sputum for Acid fast bacilli (AFB), TB antigen test, TB PCR. X-ray chest, CT scan is imaging techniques.
      Treatment: anti tuberculosis medicine for a specific period of 6 to 9 months. It is usually treated with combination of 4 drugs initially for two months, after that few drugs are omitted and the remaining are continued.
      Prevention: tuberculosis can be prevented by TB vaccine. It is called BCG (bacillus Calmette- Gaurine), the scientists who found it. It is given within first month after birth in most developing countries.


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