Dehydration Due To Vomiting: Its Symptoms And How To Treat It?

Vomiting is one of the leading causes for dehydration i.e. excessive loss of fluid from the body. Symptoms of dehydration may vary depending upon the extent of fluid loss from the body; however in severe cases, dehydration can become life threatening and can even lead to death.

While dehydration can be treated promptly using simple remedies and home based treatment, it is important to consult your physician, especially if the symptoms are severe.

This article provides some simple tips to treat dehydration from vomiting at home.

Dehydration is a condition which is caused due to loss of fluids from the body, mostly in the form of water, when the amount exceeds the intake. As a result of dehydration, water moves out of cellular tissue, hampering the ability of cells to function normally.

Vomiting is considered to be one of the leading causes of dehydration especially in adults. Excessive amount of vomiting can be associated with high risk of loss of large volumes of fluid from the body, which in turn can result in dehydration.

Symptoms Of Dehydration Due To Vomiting

Symptoms of dehydration from vomiting vary depending upon the severity of the fluid loss.

When dehydration results in sudden drop in weight by 10% i.e. loss of about 15 pounds of weight in a healthy adult, it is considered to be severe form of dehydration. The intensity of the symptoms may vary but some of the common symptoms associated with dehydration from vomiting include the following,

  • Increased thirst with dryness in the mouth.
  • Tiredness, fatigue and sleepiness.
  • Dizziness with reduced urine output and dark colored urine.
  • Drop in blood pressure especially when the person attempts to stand up.
  • Increased heart rate with feverish feeling.
  • Seizures, coma and shock may be observed in severe cases.
  • Severe dehydration may lead to change in the body chemistry composition and lead to renal failure.

In addition to the symptoms of dehydration, vomiting may lead to hemorrhage spots on the skin of the face and chest, especially due to straining. Severe vomiting may also be associated with burning sensation in the chest (retrosternal burning).

How To Treat Dehydration From Vomiting?

Here are a few simple tips that can help in the management of dehydration due to vomiting,

  • Take small sips of water. Don’t drink too much water at a time, as excess water may trigger reverse peristalsis and result in vomiting, worsening the situation. Sip cold water or suck ice cubes.
  • Remove excess clothing or loosen the clothing in order to reduce fluid loss due to sweating. Also try to move to a cooler surrounding. However avoid excessive cold surroundings, as this may cause blood vessels to constrict, lead to shivering and eventually worsen the symptoms of dehydration.
  • Restore electrolyte imbalance by adding a freshly squeezed lemon juice, a pinch of salt and sugar to a glass of water and drinking it frequently. Alternatively try using re-hydration solutions.
  • Treat the underlying cause of vomiting promptly to avoid further blood loss and worsening of the condition. Ginger is a natural anti-emetic. Add honey to crushed ginger and consume it every hour to treat vomiting naturally.

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