Though there are several factors that are responsible for water retention during menstrual period, hormonal changes are the most important factors. Unfortunately most women are not aware of the natural process of water retention during menstruation, which in turn causes the female to panic and get apprehensive. Some basic information about water weight gain can help in effective management of the problem.
Weight Gain during Period Reasons
It is essential to identify the reason for weight gain during menstrual cycle in order to treat the condition effectively. Here are a few common reasons for weight gain during periods,
- Water retention is the primary factor that is responsible for weight gain during periods. Hormonal alterations in the body result in water retention, as the body requires larger volume of water for its metabolic and circulatory functions.
- Bloating is another factor which is responsible for weight gain. Excessive accumulation of gas in the intestine during pregnancy, attributed to hormonal changes results in the sensation of weight gain and increase in abdominal girth
- Certain women suffer from special food craving during the menstrual period. This is attributed again to the hormonal changes in the body.
Diet during Periods to Stop Weight gain
Though it may be practically impossible to treat minor weight gains during period, a change in dietary patterns can help alleviate the symptoms of water retention and excessive craving during periods. Here are some simple tips that need to be followed,
- Reduce the intake of salt or foods contain sodium. Sodium results in retention of water and less sodium in the diet reduces the possibility of accumulation of water in the body
- Calcium plays a crucial role in controlling the problem of water retention in women. Calcium deficiency often result in water retention and it is advised include calcium supplement in your diet
- Limit the intake of caffeine, alcohol and other stimulants. These stimulants may result in dehydration. In lieu of the dehydration, the body attempts to save and absorb every drop of water, which in turn further results in water retention and amplifies the problem.
- Include complex carbohydrates, proteins and fiber in your diet. Avoid foods that are high in sugar content as they tend to get converted to fat easily.
How to prevent weight gain during periods?
In addition to dietary modifications certain lifestyle modifications can also be beneficial.
- Though regular exercising is beneficial, avoid strenuous exercise during menstrual cycles. Exercising may result in water loss which in turn would cause dehydration. As a result of dehydration, your body is likely to panic and retain as much water as possible, further resulting in weight gain
- Eat small quantities of food frequently. Chew well to improve digestion
On an average a women may gain up to four pounds during menstrual periods, which may subsequently be lost, without any effort.