Reasons of Development of Cyst or Mass on Scrotum and Its Treatment

Cyst on Scrotum

The scrotum holds the testicle and other reproductive structures of males. Development of mass or cyst can also occur in this area due to inflammation, swelling, abnormal tissue growth or fluid accumulation. There are several reasons that can bring about their occurrence:

  • Tumor – Testicular cancer contains abnormal tissues that form into a lump.

    Some males who have these can manifest pain that radiates in the entire groin area.

  • Spermatocele – This is commonly benign, full of fluid, and painless. This is also called epididymal cyst or spermatic cyst.

  • Hydrocele – This occurs when fluid is accumulated in the testicular sac. The fluid results in swelling but without pain.

  • Hematocele – This condition is the buildup of blood in the testicular sac layers. This can be caused by traumatic injury.

  • Varicocele – This happens when the scrotal veins become engorged.

  • Inguinal hernia – When a part of the small intestine protrudes through a week muscle of tissue, separating the groin and abdomen, it results to inguinal hernia.

    This appears like a mass in the scrotum or anywhere above the groin.

Cyst on Scrotum Symptoms

Symptoms of cysts on scrotum differ depending on type of the abnormality. The following are symptoms that can be manifested by men with this condition:

  • Pain that can be felt in the entire groin, lower back and abdominal area

  • Lump or mass in the scrotum

  • Feeling of heavy weight in the scrotal area

  • Swollen and tender testes

  • Hardened and swollen epididymis

  • Scrotal swelling

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Reddening of the scrotal sac.

  • When the condition is caused by an infection, the person can manifest fever, frequent urination, and passing of blood or pus in the urine.

Cyst on Scrotum Treatment

Most cyst in the scrotum do not require complicated mode of treatment. However, more serious conditions may entail more invasive treatment options.

  • Infections: Cyst that is caused by bacteria can be cured with the use of antibacterial agents. Those that are caused by virus can be remedied with pain meds, rest and cold compress.

  • Benign Cysts: These can be removed through surgical operation or can also be left untreated.

  • Cancerous Tumor:

    • Chemotherapy – This makes use of drug solutions to eradicate cancer cells.

    • Radical inguinal orchiectomy – This is the surgical removal of the affected testicles.

    • Radiation therapy – This treatment makes use of high energy and X-ray to kill cancer cells. This is carried out after the removal of the testicles to fight off remaining cancer cells in the body.

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