What Is Chondromalacia Patella? Its Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

The cartilage tissue that is located beneath the patella or the kneecap is a shock-absorber. Trauma, over use and several other factors can cause chondromalacia patella; this indicates that there is damage to the cartilage under the patella bone. The condition is also called patella femoral pain syndrome.

The manifesting symptom of chondromalacia patella is pain in the knee; and it increases when you ascend or descend stairs.

By and large, rest and ice application will help you; nonetheless, occasionally, physical therapy or surgery may be required to allay the pain.

Chondromalacia Patella Causes

The exact cause of chondromalacia patella is not known; however, it is associated with:

  • Overuse of the joint: Recurring stress on the knee; like, that which occurs during running or jumping triggers patella femoral pain and discomfort.
  • Poor control of the muscles around the knee and hip joint: When the muscles around the hip and knee fail to work well to maintain proper tracking of the patella bone or kneecap.
  • Trauma: Dislocation or fracture at the knee joint causes pain.

Chondromalacia Patella Symptoms

Chondromalacia patella results in an aching, dull pain in the front of the knee.

Discomfort worsens when:

  • You ascend or descend stairs
  • Kneel down
  • Bend your knees for prolonged periods of time
  • Squat

Natural Treatment For Chondromalacia Patella

Treatment of chondromalacia patella needs simple measures. Follow these guidelines to assuage the pain and discomfort and to ward off episodes of pain as well:

  • Rest: Avoid activities which increase the discomfort and pain, such as climbing stairs and squatting.
  • Medicines: Over the counter pain killers help manage the pain and discomfort considerably.
  • Ice: Ice application is beneficial when you have pain; and also after exercise.
  • Physical therapy: Talk to a physical therapist; specific exercises strengthen the muscles that support the knees. Flexibility and strength exercises help optimize technique for running, jumping and pivoting; so talk to your health care provider and physiotherapist about this. Of particular importance is exercise for the muscles of the outer hip to prevent the knee from caving in, when you ascend and descend, land after a jump and when you squat.10 to 15 days of physiotherapy is advocated.
  • Taping will also help you manage the pain better. Your physical therapist will show you how to tape the knee to decrease pain and augment the capacity to exercise.
  • Supportive gear. Knee braces protect the knee joint and improve alignment of the kneecap.
  • Knee-friendly sports. When you have an episode of pain, opt for sports such as bicycling and swimming; they exert lesser stress on the knees.
  • Herbal tea: incorporate herbal tea in to your daily routine; ginger tea is of particular use. Have a glass of ginger tea every morning. Ginger is packed with gingerols which are anti inflammatory and pain killing agents. They help allay pain quickly and ginger is considered an effective home remedy for knee pain.
  • Maintain an ideal body weight: Lose extra kilos. Losing the additional weight will relieve stress on the knees.
  • Warm ups are very essential. Before exercising, you must warm up with 10 minutes of exercise and stretches.
  • Increase intensity of your work out gradually: Begin with easy stretches and low impact exercises; avoid sudden fluctuations in the intensity of the workout.

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