Dislocation of the knee occurs when the patella or the knee cap slides out of its usual position, commonly towards the outer aspect of the leg, making it swell. Dislocation may occur if the knee is hit with undue force, like, during contact sports such as rugby or football. Knee dislocations also commonly occur as a result of twisting of the joint, or falling on it awkwardly.
The condition results in swelling, inflammation and pain and may cause one to feel unsteady in the following couple of weeks until it has completely healed. You need to consider a few things to manage knee dislocation to make sure that the area heals properly and that there aren’t any recurrences in the future.
Dislocation Of Knee Cap Symptoms
Knee dislocation is commoner in women. It invariably occurs after a sudden change in direction when your leg is planted, thus putting the patella under tremendous stress. Injury / trauma also triggers dislocation. Common clinical features and manifestations are:
- The knee joint will appear somewhat deformed.
- Pain in the joint along with tenderness.
- Swelling and inflammation.
- The knee is bent and cannot be straightened.
- The patella dislocates to the outer aspect of the knee.
- Sloppy kneecap, i.e. you can move the patella excessively from right to left
- In the initial occasions of dislocation, you will experience pain and will be unable to walk. Conversely, if dislocations continue to occur frequently, and are neglected, you will experience less pain and will have less immediate disability.
How To Treat A Dislocated Knee?
You may follow these guidelines to relocate a dislocated knee joint. However, if there is excruciating pain and excessive tenderness and swelling it is advisable to confer with your health care provider.
- Try to bring your knee to its initial position after the dislocation by very gently and slowly straightening out the leg. By this, the patella should return to its normal position and the pain should diminish.
- Visit your health care provider immediately after you have returned the knee to its original position. The doctor will take X-rays of your knee to rule out fractures, ligament tears or any other problem. Follow the doctor’s advice for guidelines about on healing to expedite recuperation.
- Give your leg ample rest to accelerate the process of healing. Elevate the knee joint and apply ice packs 3 to 4 times a day to reduce the swelling and manage the pain effectively.
- You should wear a knee brace for about two weeks after the dislocation. It helps to stabilize the joint. Do not put any pressure on the knee during the first 2 weeks.
- Physiotherapy is very important; it helps you reclaim knee strength and full range of movement in the knee. Physical therapy for about a month is a must to strengthen the hamstrings and quadriceps.
- Talk to your doctor and start glucosamine supplements to reduce the adverse effects of arthritis that may be associated with the dislocation.
- Wear good supportive shoes, which help improve your gait and do not make you put undue pressure on the knees.
In case of chronic and frequent knee dislocation you may need surgery to remedy it. The tendons of the joint will be reinforced and the surgical intervention will ensure no recurrences.