Causes Of Lumbar Spondylosis: Symptoms, Exercises And Treatment

More than 90 % of old people show signs of spondylitis and osteoarthritis that can be seen on the X-ray. Most people may not experience any symptoms; however, when symptoms do occur, non-surgical treatments are beneficial.

Spondylitis is a rather common medical condition and it tends to aggravate with age. There is also a genetic aspect that is involved.

With age, the bones and cartilage gradually develop wear and tear. These changes include:

  • Dehydrated discs: The inter-vertebral discs function like cushions between the vertebrae of the spine. By 40 years, most people’s discs start to dry out and begin shrinking too, and as a result there will be more bone-on-bone contact between the vertebrae.
  • Disc herniation: With age, cracks develop, leading to a herniation of the discs which may impinge on to the spinal cord and nerve roots.
  • Bone spurs: When there is degeneration of the disc, often the spine will produce extra amounts of bone, known as bone spurs; this is an erroneous attempt to fortify the spine’s strength.
    Bone spurs press on to the spinal cord and nerve roots.
  • Stiff ligaments: Ligaments connect bone to bone. With age, the ligaments become stiff and make your lower back (lumbar) less supple.

Symptoms Of Lumbar Spondylitis

The following are the manifesting symptoms of the condition:

  • Pain and stiffness in the lower back.
  • Heaviness in the back.
  • In case of nerve impingement you will experience tingling, numbness and weakness in the legs and feet.
  • Lack of coordination and walking difficulty.
  • In extreme cases, there will be loss of bladder or bowel control

Treatment Options For Lumbar Spondylosis

Treatment depends upon the intensity of the symptoms. The chief aim of treatment is to allay the discomfort and pain, help maintain day-to-day activities, and avert everlasting injury to the spinal cord and nerves.

  • Your health care provider will prescribe you muscle relaxants to manage the pain and spasms effectively.
  • Ginger is the most effective home remedy that really acts wonders for spinal pain problems. Ensure that you have a glass of ginger tea daily.
  • Another wonder food is soy. Soy proteins help your spine tremendously; have a bowl of soy nuts or soy milk every day.
  • In severe cases, not responding to home remedies and pain killers, the doctor may prescribe narcotics to assuage the intensity of the pain.
  • In extreme cases, injecting prednisone and a numbing agent into the affected area helps.

Exercises For Lumbar Spondylitis

A physical therapist will show exercises to help strengthen and fortify the muscles in the back. Some people benefit from the use of traction, which proffers more space within the spine if nerve roots are being impinged. These exercises will help you:

  1. Lie on your back with your knees bent.  Keep the knees together, and roll them to the right as much as you can, and then left as much as possible. Do about 10 repetitions.
  2. Lie on you back and fold the left knee on the chest. Place both hands on the knee and gently pull the knee closer to your chest.  Hold for a minute, then release. Repeat for the right knee.
  3. Lie on your back and gradually fold both the knees on to the chest. Hold for a minute and release.

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