Meniscus Tear Causes
The part that rests in the middle of the shin bone or tibia and thigh bone or femur is known as the meniscus. There are two menisci located in the knee. These are made up of tough substances known as the cartilage, and develop to conform against the shape and surface of the bone.
Meniscus Tear Symptoms
Because the knee is essential in any activity that requires standing and walking, symptoms of a meniscus tear usually limit these activities. The meniscus allows the gliding of the adjoined bones without much friction. Tearing may be due to either degenerative process or a traumatic injury. A degenerative process occurs throughout aging, while a traumatic injury is usually experienced by athletes involved in field sports such as football. People who experience meniscus tear usually complain of intense pain or swelling. Joint locking or complete inability to stretch the joint is also commonly reported. The most commonly reported symptoms of a meniscus tear include:
- Popping or clicking sound upon movement. The knee may feel week and eventually lock.
- Swelling of the knee. This can develop hours after the injury.
- Knee pain
- Tenderness upon palpation.
- Limited motion of the knee joint. The knee is reported to be stuck, and the patient reports inability to straighten the legs.
Meniscus Tear Treatment
Not all treatments for tears of this extent require surgery. Some may require simple intervention such as first aid treatment. This includes rice therapy. Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation may help in the reduction of swelling.