Periodontis is a gum infection which damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone supporting the teeth. Periodontitis can result in loss of teeth and can even increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke.
By and large, it is due to poor oral hygiene. Brushing twice daily, flossing every day and ensuring that you have regular dental checkups, decreases the chance of periodontitis.
Signs And Symptoms Of Chronic Periodontitis
Common manifestations of the disorder are:
- The gums become red; there may be bleeding whilst brushing, flossing or biting in to hard food.
- Recurrent swelling and inflammation of the gums.
- Bad breath and a metallic taste in the mouth.
- The gums start to recede.
- Deep pockets between the teeth and the gums.
- Loose teeth.
There is a slow rate of progression of the condition; it is associated with local predisposing factors, diabetes mellitus, HIV, smoking and stress.
Aggressive and Chronic Periodontitis
Aggressive periodontitis is seldom encountered, compared to chronic periodontitis and is known to afflict younger patients. Except for the presence of the disease, the individual is otherwise healthy.
Aggressive periodontis is seen as:
- Rapid destruction of the bone.
- Very quick loss of attachment.
- Depressed neutrophil function; the neutrophils are ineffective consequently there is reduced chemotaxis and phogocytosis.
- The progression of the pathogenesis is usually self-limiting.
Home Remedies To Treat Chronic Periodontitis
There is a unanimous agreement among all dentists and oral hygienists that good oral hygiene and stopping smoking are critical to a successful treatment and a favorable outcome for the patient. Follow these guidelines to keep teeth decay at bay:
- Always use a soft toothbrush and make sure that you change it every 3 to 4 months. A complete and proper cleaning with a toothbrush and floss should take you 5 to 7 minutes. Flossing before you brush helps clean away the loosened food particles and bacteria better.
- Also, experts recommend using an electric toothbrush, which is said to be rather more effective in getting rid of plaque and tartar.
- Ensure that you brush your teeth twice every day, better yet, after every meal.
- It is essential to floss daily too.
- You may also consider using a mouth rinse to help decrease and sluice out the plaque between the teeth.
- Supplement the brushing and flossing with an inter-dental cleaner, like a dental pick, that is specially designed to clean in between the teeth.
- It is also vital to get regular professional dental cleanings, on a schedule that has been advised by your dentist.
- Cut down on fatty, sugary and starch foods; incorporate loads of fresh veggies in your daily menu.
- The most optimal way to ward off periodontitis is to strictly adhere to a routine of good oral hygiene, which you ought to start early and practice unswervingly throughout life.
- Increase your daily intake of vitamin C rich foods; have 2 to 3 servings of limes, lemons, guavas, mangoes, bell peppers, and berries every day. You may also confer with your health care provider / dentists and start a vitamin C supplement.
- Visit your dentist regularly for cleanings, usually every 6 – 12 months.
In case you have risk factors which could increase your risk of developing periodontitis you need to discuss with your dentists and make sure you get professional cleaning more often.