What Causes Tooth Abscess in Children and Its Treatments

Tooth Abscess in Children

A rather uncommon phenomenon, tooth abscess in children can develop along with a break in the integrity of the dental work-up. Dental problems can damage the enamel of the affected tooth. Bacteria build-up infects the center of the tooth, otherwise known as the pulp. Colonies of bacteria multiply and develop an abscess.

Depending on the severity, infection can occur from the root of the tooth up to the bone supporting it. Symptoms of tooth abscess include:

  • Toothache, pain with chewing, and discomfort.
  • Fever
  • Bad breath
  • Swollen lymph nodes under the jaw.
  • Swollen gums
  • Teeth Sensitivity

Tooth abscess in children is also known as periapical abscess.

What Causes Tooth Abscess in Children

A combination of factors can lead to the development of tooth abscess in children:

  • Poor dental hygiene. Adults, even if skilled with proper dental hygiene practice, still experience occasional dental problems such as caries. Moreover, poor dental hygiene can be expected in children, even if they brush after every meal.
  • Severe tooth decay. Neglect of dental hygiene can lead to severe tooth decay. Once present, this can further lead to infection.
  • Trauma to the tooth
  • Gingivitis
  • Autoimmune diseases. Likewise, diseases that weaken the immune system, such as juvenile diabetes, make the child prone to infection.
  • Food consumption. Foods, especially those high in sugar content, are one of the main causes for concern. It is typical for children to develop an affinity for sweets and soda. Sugar left within the crevices become breeding grounds of bacteria.

Tooth Abscess in Children Treatment

Conventional treatment involves procedures done by the dentist, such as root canal treatment, tooth extraction, and swollen gum tissue incision. The best treatment actually lies in prevention. Adherence to optimal oral hygiene practices can prevent costly procedures. For those who cannot seek immediate dental treatment, the following home remedies may be done for children:

  • Use salt solution as a mouthwash for 10 minutes.
  • Tea bags. Apply a dry black teabag on the inside of the child’s cheek, beside the aching tooth. If possible, keep it in place overnight. This method can drain the pus and diminishes pain and swelling.
  • Clove oil. Around 2-4 drops of clove oil in a ¼ cup of water can be used as mouthwash. This has both an anesthetic and antibacterial effect.
  • Gum poultice. Combine half part of baking soda and half part salt. Soak a cotton ball into the mixture and put it inside the mouth, near the affected tooth.

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