Blood Clot Formation In Pregnancy: Causes & How To Prevent?

Blood clot is a very serious medical problem and more so if you are pregnant. A blood clot during pregnancy is fraught with further risks and anxieties attached to it because of the developing baby. Complications that could arise due to a blood clot are – blood clots in the placenta, stroke, pulmonary embolism, heart attack, and even miscarriage.

Fortunately the condition is rather rare. You must also confer with your health care provider or OB/GYN and take certain steps to reduce your risk of experiencing them while pregnant.

Symptoms of Blood Clot during Pregnancy

A blood clot may manifest as:

  • Swelling, discomfort and pain in your leg.
  • The pain tends to aggravate whilst walking.
  • The veins in the leg look larger than normal.

Causes Of Blood Clot During Pregnancy

Normally, a blood clot develops when your body sends platelets to stop the flow of blood at a site of injury. Usually, this occurs when you have a cut, to make sure that the bleeding stops. What’s more, during pregnancy, the blood is more prone to clotting as a safeguard against losing excessive amounts of blood during labor.

Deep vein thrombosis develops when blood clots form in the legs and pelvic region and is associated with a host of grave health concerns which need to be tackled promptly.

On the other hand, blood clots occur only in 1 to 2 pregnant women out of every 1,000, so you don’t need to get alarmed and anxious, unless you think you could be at risk. Thus it is very vital that you discuss with your OB/GYN.

Studies show that there are a number of likely causes and risk factors for the development of deep vein thrombosis, and it is essential to know whether you fall into any of these groups. A woman is most likely to experience a blood clot, during the first trimester of pregnancy or in the first six weeks after the child is born.

Risk factors for the development of blood clots are:

  • You or a close relative has experienced deep vein thrombosis.
  • You are 35 years of age or more.
  • You smoke or are exposed to second hand smoke.
  • You travel a lot during the pregnancy.
  • You are overweight.
  • You are having twins or triplets.
  • You are sedentary for long intervals of time.
  • You have a Caesarean.

How To Prevent Blood Clot During Pregnancy?

Preventing deep vein thrombosis is very important, and it can be easily achieved by adhering to a healthy lifestyle. Staying active is a necessary aspect of combating deep vein thrombosis, discuss with your OB/GYN and understand which activities and exercises you can do. Regular exercise enhances the circulation of blood and prevents clots from forming.

It is also imperative that you follow a healthy, wholesome diet plan. If you are a smoker, you need to stop immediately; also do not be exposed to second hand smoke. What’s more, you should inform your health care provider, if you feel that you may be at risk of developing deep vein thrombosis.

If you have been diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis, you will be treated with an anticoagulant, which prevents the blood from clotting too easily.