Shooting Pain in the Anus during Pregnancy
Hemorrhoids are one of the many changes that most patients experience during pregnancy especially during the third trimester.
The term “hemorrhoids” is defined as a condition wherein veins in the anal area of the hemorrhoidal veins become inflame. There are two types and these are the internal and external hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids can be very uncomfortable, itchy and give off shooting pains in the anus especially during pregnancy. These can often cause bleeding when the patient bears down while defecating. Swelling and bulging out of some parts of the skin in the anal area can also be observed.
Causes of Pain in the Anus during Pregnancy
- Pressure to the anus that is brought about by the growing fetus and uterus.
- Increase in the flow of blood in the pelvic region which is a common event in pregnancy.
- Pregnant patients often experience constipation which also causes hemorrhoids. When stool is large and hard to eliminate making the patient do extra straining, the process can put severe pressure on both internal and external hemorrhoidal veins and make it bulge out and swell.
- Hormonal changes which happen rampantly in pregnancy can cause the enlargement of hemorrhoidal veins.
- During childbirth, hemorrhoids can appear as a result of the pressure from pushing during delivery.
Treatment for Pain in the Anus during Pregnancy
Hemorrhoids can easily be treated with different kinds of home remedies that are safe for pregnant patients. These remedies include the following.
- It is best for patients to increase regular intake of fluids and fiber-rich food like fruits and vegetables. This will help counter constipation.
- Patients are advised, especially during the third trimester, to do Kegel exercises. These exercises do not only improve blood circulation in the anal and pelvic area which can prevent and treat the condition, but can also prepare the body for childbirth.
- Avoid sleeping lying down with the back on the bed. This can put pressure on the anal veins. It is smart to lie down on the left or right side.
- Avoid standing and sitting for long periods of time.
- Maintain good hygiene. Always use warm water to clean the anal area after bowel movements and wipe it with medicated hemorrhoid pads or moist wipes. These are more comfortable than toilet paper which can often cause irritation of the anal tissues.
- Sitting on ice packs or placing it on the affected area can relieve symptoms.
- Warm baths and sitz baths can also help.
- Petroleum jelly can be applied on the rectal area to manage symptoms and help with constipation.
- Always ask a doctor’s advice before trying any kind of topical cream and medications of constipation such as suppositories.