Brown spots on the chest are signs of hyper pigmentation, which is attributed to the pigment melanin. Melanin is found in the skin, eyes and hair and is responsible for pigmentation of these tissue cells. Dark skinned individuals have higher concentration of melanin in the skin compared to fair skinned people.
The susceptibility to develop brown spots on the chest is attributed to our genetic constitution and race. Africans, Asians and Latin Americans have more likely to have hyper-pigmented marks on the skin compared to their fair skinned Scandinavian counterparts.
What Causes Brown Spots On Chest?
While genetic constitution of an individual determines the color of the skin and makes them prone to develop brown spots on the chest, there are a host of other factors that may contribute to development of these spots,
- Sun exposure: Melanin plays a vital role in protecting the skin from ultraviolet radiations and repeated exposure to sun for prolonged duration may act as a natural trigger for increase in melanin production.
- Hormonal imbalance: The second major cause for brown spots is hormonal changes in the body. Over consumption of birth control pills can also lead to brown spots. Brown spots are also frequently observed during pregnancy and menopause- when hormonal imbalance is common.
- Post injury spots: Brown spots on the chest can be associated with some form of skin injury. Acne, skin burns, etc result in damage to the epidermal layers of the skin leading to inflammatory response and causes brown spots on chest. Other injuries include insect bites, cuts or abrasions, waxing and inappropriate laser treatments.
Home Remedies To Get Rid Of Brown Spots On Chest
Protecting the skin against undue exposure to the sun plays a pivotal role in the management of brown spots on the chest. Avoid going out in the sun without adequate sunscreen (a minimum of SPF 15 is recommended) and ensure that you are adequately dressed and covered. In addition there are certain tips that can help in getting rid of brown spots on chest,
- Local application of vitamin E oil is considered to be one of the best solutions. Vitamin E plays a vital role in the growth of collagen tissue and preventing skin damage caused due to inflammation. Apply wheat-germ oil or avocado oil on the skin, which are loaded with vitamin E.
- Local application of vitamin A helps in protecting the skin from ultraviolet radiation and helps in improving of skin tone of the epidermal layer.
- Apply tea tree oil on acne and pimples. Tea tree oil helps fight microbes and controls the spread of the pimple. This in turn slows down the inflammatory process and prevents formation of brown spots due to injury. Local application of turmeric paste is also considered beneficial, due to its strong anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Ensure a healthy diet and avoid processed and refined foods. Also avoid animal products like meat and dairy, which are known to cause hormonal imbalances within the body. Increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet.