The word ‘exfoliate’ itself means ‘stripping of leaves’ in Latin. Exfoliation of skin is not new, ancient Egyptians used to exfoliate skin in their skin care regimen. The procedure was not new even to Asians in middle ages. For those who are aware and for the rest who do not know how to exfoliate your skin or what exfoliation are all about, let us know it in depth.
Exfoliation means removal of dead skin cells accumulated on the upper skin surface to make way for new cells to grow. Once you exfoliate your skin it becomes more smooth, supple and radiant. In fact, exfoliation is a natural process in our body. Old and dead skin cells are sloughed off to make way for new skin cells to grow. This process is carried out regularly in our body, however to enhance it further for a better glowing skin, you need to exfoliate skin very often.
Many people, especially women concentrate only to exfoliate their facial skin and neglect rest of the body skin. Exfoliation of skin should not be limited to a particular part; it should be done all over.
How To Remove Dead Skin At Home?
Exfoliation can be done at home or it can be done in costly cosmetic health saloons. The basic materials required to exfoliate your skin include, a cleanser, a brush or loofah or a pumice stone and body lotion or a scrub.
A word of caution; do not exfoliate your skin if there is any infection, sunburn, cuts and bruises on your skin.
- To begin with, brush your dry skin with a body brush or loofah before you take bath. This will cleanse the loose dead skin cells from the body. Start cleaning from the foot and move upwards.
- Wet your body with tepid water. With pumice stone, start rubbing your feet and heels gently.
- Now apply the exfoliating cleanser to the Loofah and rub it gently in circular motion starting from lower extremities. In some sensitive areas such as the bikini area, do not scrub too hard.
- With body brush, you can scrub your back and places that you cannot reach.
- For face, use a scrub that is gentle to exfoliate the skin.
- After applying the scrub, rinse your body with tepid water followed by cold water. Tepid water will enlarge the pores and help to remove the dirt and grime while cold water will contract the pores.
- Soon after the bath, apply a good moisturizer all over the body as exfoliation to certain extent dries your skin.
- Regularly apply moisturizer on your skin to keep it well hydrated.
- Exfoliation once in a week usually helps to maintain the skin to remain smooth and silky.
Exfoliating Skin With Natural Ingredients
There are several home care products that you can apply as skin exfoliating agents. They can be prepared at home.
Natural scrub for body:
- Salt and almond oil scrub: this scrub can be used for exfoliating the skin of extremities and back and trunk. It should not be used on delicate skin of face and bikini area.
You need ½ cup salt and ½ cup of almond oil, essential oil 1 or 2 drops for fragrance it can be lavender essential oil.
Mix salt and oil in a bowl. When they are completely blended, wet your skin and apply the scrub with the help of loofah or with your hands on the skin surface of hands, legs, back and trunk in gentle circular motion. Once applied rinse it well with tepid and cold water in alteration. Apply a good moisturizer. The handy coconut oil can be applied soon after the bath.
Natural Scrub For Face And Delicate Skin
Certain areas of skin have to be pampered even while exfoliating; these areas include face and bikini area. Oat meal scrub is the best for exfoliation.
Oat meal delicate skin scrub:
Ingredients needed are; ½ cup of fine powdered oat meal, ¼ cup of granulated sugar, ½ cup of almond oil, ½ tsp of nutmeg powder.
Mix all the ingredients in a bowl. Mix well till it forms a paste. Wet your face with water and apply in on your face in circular gentle motion. Take care while applying the scrub below the eyes and around the lip area. Wash your face with water. Pat it dry and apply a moisturizer.
Skin exfoliation procedure can be done with simple natural scrub having granules to remove the dead skin cells. Oat meal scrub, salt scrub etc are some of them.
Skin can also be exfoliated with chemical scrub. Use of chemical substances such as salicylic acid, citric acid is done by medical professionals as they require expertise and medical know how. Certain chemical substances such as alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxyl acids, retinoid also act upon the lifeless pores and dead skin cells.
Microdermabrasion is another useful method for removing the dead skin cells. It also rejuvenates the skin and keeps it glowing.