Adenomyosis is an abnormal condition of uterus mostly found in women between the ages of 35 to 50, so to say a middle aged woman. In adenomyosis, the endometrial tissue which generally lines and restricts to the inner wall of the uterine cavity, proliferates and grows deep into the muscles of the uterus.
Though not a dangerous illness, adenomyosis may cause severe discomfort and pain with prolonged and profuse bleeding during menstruation. This may affect the regular lifestyle of a woman. Painful periods with too long and profuse bleeding can give rise to interpersonal problems, depression, irritability and above all immense physical weakness.
As a result of adenomyosis, there is an abnormal enlargement of uterus. The enlargement may be as a whole or in some focal parts of the uterus. When present in local areas, the adenomyomas as they are called often mimic with other uterine anomalies such as fibroids etc.
Even if the exact cause is not known, it has some relation with estrogen which generally remains high in childbearing age.
Symptoms Of Adenomyosis Of The Uterus
Many women may not even know if they are suffering from adenomyosis, this is because the symptoms are very mild and hardly noticeable. On the contrary, there are many other women who have severe disturbing symptoms of adenomyosis that may require medical attention. When present, this triad of symptoms includes excruciating pain in the lower abdomen, enlargement of uterus, and abnormally heavy menstrual flow.
- Periods with sharp shooting pain, unbearable cramps in abdomen during periods is characteristic of adenomyosis. The pain may remain throughout the period. It may even occur in between the cycle without periods.
- Profuse and prolonged menstrual bleeding.
- Expulsion of large clots in menstrual bleeding.
- Occasionally abnormal bleeding between periods.
- Enlargement of uterus with tenderness in the lower abdomen.
- Bearing down sensation.
How To Diagnose Adenomyosis?
Diagnosis of adenomyosis greatly depends on following factors:
- From the complaints and symptoms of a woman.
- When a gynecologist examines the patient he may feel an enlarged uterus which is tender when touched.
- With the help of ultrasound imaging and magnetic resonance imaging technique (MRI).
Sometimes the doctor may take a biopsy sample of endometrial tissue. This is done to rule out any other illness such as endometrial carcinoma etc. However, a biopsy may not ascertain the diagnosis of adenomyosis. The exact diagnosis of adenomyosis is only revealed when the removed uterus is examined under microscope. But in recent times the accuracy of diagnosis of adenomyosis with MRI is very high. It has been found to have an accuracy of 85 to 90%.
Home Remedies For Adenomyosis
Adenomyosis symptoms resolve after menopause. So the treatment depends largely on your age. If you are very near to menopause age, your doctor may suggest conservative treatment that may include use of medicines and hormones, besides home remedies and alternative medicines. However, if you are far away from menopausal age and the symptoms are unbearable; your doctor may suggest hysterectomy as the only curable method.
There are home remedies and herbs that can effectively help to relieve the symptoms temporarily. They are particularly useful when the patient is nearing her menopause and wants to delay hysterectomy.
- To relieve pain, the patient may use a heating pad on her abdomen. Alternately she can also take a warm bath.
- She should avoid heavy physical exertion.
- Take one teaspoon of Indian gooseberry juice early in the morning before eating anything. You can drink a glass of milk after half hour.
- Coriander seeds are also effective in relieving the symptoms of adenomyosis. Take two teaspoon of coriander seeds in a glassful of water. Boil the water with seeds in it till it becomes half. Now add a teaspoon of sugar for taste. Drink the prepared concoction two times in a day. Make sure it is warm.
- The leaves of Aegle marmelos, also known as stone apple are effective in treating adenomyosis. Prepare a paste by grinding the fresh leaves with water. Consume half teaspoon of the prepared paste daily when the symptoms are unbearable.