Corpus luteum cyst is a functional ovarian cyst, which develops after the egg has been released from the egg follicle. The remnant of the ovarian follicle transforms into a secretary gland, which produces estrogen and progesterone, aimed at preparing the uterus for conception. If no pregnancy occurs, corpus luteum disintegrates and disappears.
Corpus luteum cysts are usually observed during the reproductive age of the female and are rare after the age of 50 years. In most cases, these cysts affect only one ovary and are usually asymptomatic.
What Causes Corpus Luteum Cyst?
While the formation of corpus luteum is physiological, there is little understanding about what causes these to get transformed into cysts. Experts suggest a strong linkage between the use of fertility drugs (aimed at inducing ovulation) and progesterone only contraceptive pills. On the other hand, combined contraceptive pills are not associated with risk of corpus luteum cysts.
In addition, corpus luteum cysts are more common and not considered a matter of concern, if they are of less than 5 cm in diameter in females within the reproductive age group. In post menopausal women, corpus luteum cysts larger than 1 cm in diameter are a matter of concern.
Ovarian cancer is another condition which is presumed to be closely linked with corpus luteum cysts, though there is significant difference of opinion within the medical community.
Symptoms Of Corpus Luteum Cyst
In most cases, corpus luteum cysts are asymptomatic and they produce symptoms only if the size in more than 5 cm in diameter in females within the reproductive age group. Some of the common symptoms include,
- Severe pain affecting only one side (one ovary) which usually develops after the release of the ovum (i.e. midway into the menstrual cycle). The pain is typically sharp shooting and distressing.
- Occasionally the condition may be associated with severe abdominal bleeding, due to rupturing of the cyst, which is a medical emergency.
- In rare cases, the condition may be associated with twisting of the ovary around the ovarian ligament which can lead to ovarian torsion and associated symptoms. This condition is also a life threatening condition and requires immediate hospitalization.
How To Get Rid Of A Corpus Luteum Cyst?
Unfortunately reports suggest that corpus luteum cysts tend to recur in about 33% of all the patients. However there are certain home remedies and natural treatment options that can help alleviate the pain and reduce the severity of the symptoms,
- Add a tablespoon of turmeric to a glass of warm milk. Add a table spoon of raw honey to it. Turmeric and raw honey act as anti-inflammatory agents and can help alleviate some of the symptoms including pain.
- Reports have suggested that Vitamin E supplements along with Evening Primrose oil are useful to deal with corpus luteum cysts. While the exact physiology is not clearly understood, the use of supplement is linked with modification of progesterone metabolism.
- Ginko Biloba is an herb which is also considered useful in dealing with ovarian cysts especially corpus luteum cysts. This herb should be consumed as per the recommendation of your physician.
- Certain other modifications in diet including increasing the intake of onions and garlic can help in naturally thinning the blood and prevent clot formation. However individuals suffering from blood clotting disorders need to consult their physician before incorporating these dietary modifications.