Menopause is a normal physiological process, which is indicative of the end of the reproductive age of a female. Menopause simply means that end of menstrual flow. However some females may complain of periods or vaginal flow after menopause. This article provides insight about what causes it and the other symptoms associated with period after menopause.
Period after menopause or vaginal bleeding after menopause is a cause of concern for most females. While the intensity of the bleeding and other associated symptoms may vary in different people, the condition is often indicative of grave medical conditions like cervical or ovarian cancers, though it may be attributed to several other causes.
At menopause, the regular monthly vaginal bleeding cycles in females cease. Menopause can take about 6 to 8 months to set in, during which time a female may experience irregular bleeding pattern, excessive vaginal bleeding, etc.
Vaginal Bleeding Post Menopause
Note that vaginal bleeding after menopause is not the normal sloughing of blood that occurs during periods, due to the expulsion of the uterine lining, but is often indicative of a problem in the reproductive system of the female.
Having a menstrual period after menopause is often indicative of pathology in the female reproductive organ. There are several factors that are linked with period or vaginal bleeding after menopause. As per the National Cancer Institute cervical cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in women and is attributed to be a leading cause of vaginal bleeding after menopause. Ovarian cancer is another cause for vaginal bleeding in post-menopausal women and is the fifth leading cause of cancer in women.
Women with cervical cancer suffer from heavy postmenopausal bleeding which may last for several days and is also aggravated by sexual intercourse. Ovarian cancer can result in vaginal bleeding which may be intermittent in nature and associated with other symptoms like pain and swelling.
Period After Menopause Symptoms
In addition to vaginal bleeding after menopause, period after menopause is associated with a host of other symptoms, often dependent on the cause of the condition. However some of the common symptoms (often indicative of serious medical condition like cancer) include,
- Pain is a common symptom associated with period after menopause. The patient may experience heaviness in the pelvic region along with pain in the back and legs. Ovarian cancer patients may experience abdominal pain along with mild to severe abdominal discomfort.
- Bloating and swelling of the abdomen is also present in cervical and ovarian cancer. Patients may complain of abdominal bloating and indigestion. The appetite may also get altered, with patients more often complain of loss of appetite. In addition to loss of appetite other GI symptoms include nausea and vomiting.
- Sudden weight loss is often indicative of a cancerous condition.
- Other symptoms observed include constipation and increased frequency of urination. In addition to the vaginal bleeding, some patients may complain of watery brownish discharge from the vagina, which is often foul smelling.
- Generalized weakness, fatigue and increased prevalence of fractures and excessive hair growth are some of the other less frequently observed symptoms.