Only a few spiders pose as danger to humans. The Black Widow and the Brown Recluse are the deadliest, and their bites may even prove to be fatal. Spiders are found in dark, warm places infested with flies. Not all spider bites are poisonous. Most of them are non-poisonous.
Spider Bites Symptoms
A spider bite causes the following:
- Swelling and itching at the site of the bite
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and burning
- If the local reactions aggravate; then, the redness may extend away from the bite, discoloration around the bite may occur and there may be an increase in the pain.
- Certain bites may trigger an anaphylactic reaction in the person. Anaphylaxis requires instant medical aid. The symptoms are: wheezing, gasping, fatigue, dizziness, sweating and nausea.
Spider Bites First Aid
The primary effort in managing the condition is to prevent the poison from spreading to other parts of the body. Hence, avoid moving the person at all. Let him rest. Ask him to stay calm and stationary. If the bite is on the leg or the hand, keep it elevated so as to diminish localized swelling.
The next important measure is to clean up the area to prevent infection from setting in. Use soap and warm water to wash the area well.
Spider Bites How to Treat
- Ice application: ease the pain, discomfort and swelling with ice application; it is extremely beneficial. Wrap a few ice cubes in a napkin and place over the bite for 10 minutes. Do not place the ice directly on the skin.
- Tourniquet: Tie a tight bandage above the site of the bite. But, do not tie it tightly, that it halts circulation of blood to the area. It is done to restrict flow of venom out of the affected area.
What are the Home Remedies for Spider Bites
- Tea tree essential oil: tea tree essential oil is a good remedy for most bites; it manages the pain, burning and itching effectively. Add 5 drops of tea tree oil to a cup of water. Wash the area with this water. Tea tree is highly medicinal and prevents infection.
- Ice compress: Keep the area moist for at least 2 hours. Use an ice compress for 15 minutes, every hour, and then place a wet cloth over it.
- Baking soda: mix 1 spoon of baking soda, 1 spoon of baking soda, and 1 spoon of water. Apply this paste to the bite site. Baking soda is an excellent home remedy that successfully treats mild cases of bites.