Symptoms of Abdominal Hernia and Its Treatment with Surgery

Abdominal Hernia

  • A hernia is any type of tissue that protrudes through a weak portion of whatever it is that it’s contained in. In the case abdominal hernia, the protrusion comes from the intestines or fat tissue and through a weak spot.

  • There are several naturally weak spots in the body that can be prone to hernias – these include the abdomen.

    Men are susceptible to some forms for abdominal herniation while women are more prone to others.

  • Types of hernia

    • Reducible – Can be pushed back

    • Non-Reducible – Cannot be pushed back and is held in place by the opening. This may also become strangulated hernia.

Abdominal Hernia Surgery

  • Surgery can be used to correct hernias of the abdomen.

  • Still, it is first important to understand what type of hernia the patient is suffering from before the surgery can be done.

  • Types of hernias of the abdomen

    • Epigastric Hernia – occurs above the navel and is more common in men than in women.

    • Femoral Hernia – More common in women than in men, this occurs when a part of the intestines herniates into the area in between the abdomen and groin.

    • Incisional Hernia – a herniation into a healed surgical incision.

    • Inguinal Hernia – happens in males where a portion of the intestines protrudes into the internal ring of the scrotum. In women, the intestines can stick out into the genital folds.

    • Indirect Inguinal Hernia – this is considered as a hereditary hernia and is less common compared to inguinal hernia. Instead of into the internal ring, the intestines herniate near the ring.

    • Umbilical Hernia – can occur in babies, children, and adults. It is a herniation of the intestines into the naval area.

Abdominal Hernia Symptoms

  • Protrusion – a sudden bulging out of tissue. If it is a reducible herniation, the hernia will increase or decrease in size depending on the way a person lies.

  • Pain – pain may be experienced at the herniation site. The pain may either be sharp or dull and it will worsen with bearing down or with bowel movement.

  • Since hernias affect the bowels, patients may also observe the following symptoms:

    • Blood in the stool

    • Constipation

    • Vomiting

    • Fever

    • Severe Pain

Abdominal Hernia Treatment

  • Surgery is the primary treatment route for hernias.

  • Depending on the type of hernia and the extent of the problem, the patient will undergo either open surgery or laparoscopic surgery.

  • Some patients may choose to opt out of surgery, but is not recommended as hernias can strangulate and cause cell death and abdominal infarctions.

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